A process of Civil Society Consultations in Family Planning in India is going on currently in the Nation. In one of the Consultations in Bhubaneshwar, top government health officials and rights activists strongly voiced the need to remove the Two-Child Norm from the policy planning arena of Orissa. The lead organizers of this consultation were SODA, CHSJ and FPAI which was concluded on May 30th 2012.
Some of the major challenges with regard to family welfare in Orissa include: difficult geographical terrain, inadequate attention on family welfare under RCH programme, poor initiative on promoting ‘informed choices’ among eligible couples, less focus on promoting spacing methods, high unmet need for contraception, low male participation and low age of girls during the time of marriage.
To read full article: http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/bhubaneswar/69413-experts-advocate-repeal-of-two-child-norm-from-pri-act.html
In April, 2012, after the Public Interest Litigation filed in the Supreme Court of India, issued notice to the central and state governments stating that sterilizations should only be performed by trained doctors in proper hospitals in accordance with the guidelines issued earlier by the apex court.
Concerns have been raised by HRLN (supported the PIL) on privatisation of sterilisation programme in India as a result of which, practices like operations being performed in government school building without proper light and surgical instruments have come to light. Further, practices like violation of maximum number of operations to be conducted in a day in a camp have also been recorded.
To view full eport: http://health.india.com/news/only-trained-docs-can-perform-sterilization-sc/
In 2011, The World Medical Association (WMA) and IFHHRO – International Federation of Health and Human Rights Organisations, have condemned the practice of forced and coerced sterilisation as forms of violence that severely harm physical and mental health and infringe human rights.
Rights of the persons who have a disability or belong to a marginalised group, have been upheld and importance fo informed choice has been underlined.
Consent to sterilisation should be free from material or social incentives and should not be a condition of other medical care, social, insurance or institutional benefits.
To view full report: http://www.wma.net/en/40news/20archives/2011/2011_17/index.html
In sharp contrast to this international commitment, news indicating how incentives and disincentives are playing a major role in coercing people to undergo sterilization procedures immeterial of informed consent have been emerging from various states in India.
To view different news: www.2cnpop.net